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How Do Solar Panels Collect Energy from the Sun?

January 14, 2019

Are you considering making the environmentally-friendly switch to solar energy for your business? Doing so has a wide range of benefits for both large and small companies, especially in terms of increasing cost efficiency and reducing your carbon footprint.

However, perhaps you wish to learn more about the technology before investing your capital and time into it. Today, let’s explore the science behind the energy-absorbing capabilities of solar panels.

Understanding Photovoltaic Cells

A photovoltaic cell is a variety of semiconductor diode electronic device, specialized in converting light energy into electrical energy.

The current, voltage, and resistance will vary accordingly when exposed to light. Therefore, it is essential that your solar mounting solutions are installed to face the sun as much as possible.

This allows for the maximum amount of energy absorption, helping your business maintain a practical and efficient renewable energy resource.

Solar Panel Construction

A single solar panel can consist of hundreds of thousands of photovoltaic cells. Acting as one massive cell module, it is then able to draw in more light energy for conversion into electricity.

When affixed to a solar mounting solution, such as KB Racking’s own Ekonorack system, multiple panels outputting power to the same source represents a highly effective means of electricity production.

Converting Light Energy into AC Power

Energy collected from solar panels is known as DC power, while, electricity used in homes and businesses for consumption is known as AC power. With that said, a power inverter is used to convert the newly absorbed light energy accordingly.

Depending on the type of system you use, it may incorporate grid tie, battery backup, micro, or off-grid inverters. Once converted to the AC standard, electricity is routed to an electrical panel. From here, your business can distribute power as needed.

What About Returning Excess Power?

Bi-directional electrical meters are used in modern solar power setups, which reroute excess electricity and reintroduce it to the grid. This protects against surges and the risks associated with it. Also, battery storage systems can be used to stockpile sufficient energy for emergency purposes.

The journey of light from the surface of the sun to your electrical panel is a long one, and with a high-efficiency solar mounting solution, you can harness its maximum potential while saving on energy costs.

For more information about our solar racking projects and available solutions, contact us at KB Racking today.